2nd PUC Too Dear Important Questions and Answers For 2022 Exam with summary
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Count Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) is a Russian writer who primarily wrote novels and short stories, Tolstoy is a master of realistic fiction and is widely considered one of the world’s greatest novelists. He is best known for two long novels, War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877).Crimean War, and followed by the publication of a semi-autobiographical trilogy of novels, Childhood, Boyhood and Tolstoy first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s for his Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based on his experiences in the Youth (1855-1858). His fiction output also includes two additional novels, dozens of short stories and several famous novellas, including The Death of Ivan Ilych, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. Later in life, he also wrote plays and views which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening in the 1870s, after which he also became noted as essays. Tolstoy is equally known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic a moral thinker and social reformer.
ABOUT THE STORY
it is a short story that presents the case of an offender and satirises the impractical measures taken by those in The story aims to sensitise the readers about the whims and fancies of the ruling class and make themereflect on how these affect the governance. It also makes them aware of the vanity of human greed for power and the futile
means of its exercise.
There was a small kingdom near the borders of France and Italy called Monaco Monaco was called a “toy kingdom’ because there were only seven thousand inhabitants in the kingdom.
But there was a king with all his courtiers and ministers and also an army of sixty people. The king also levied taxes on commodities like wine, tobacco and spirit and they also had a poll-tax. But the main income of the King came from gaming houses, where people played roulette and gambled. A large sum of the profit of gaming houses was
given to the King as tax.
Monaco was the only kingdom who had gaming houses because the rest of the countries had stopped them. The reason was people generally ruined themselves while gambling, lost all the money they had and then committed suicide. So the people in those countries did not allow the governments to earn taxes from gaming
house. But there was no such thing in Monaco. All was well in the kingdom of Monaco until a man committed a murder.
The king had never had to deal with a murderer before, and after the judicial process had run its course and the man had been sentenced to death, he ran into considerable trouble trying to carry out the sentence Monaco had no guillotine and no executioner so they asked the government of France to see if they could lend them. France offered to send a guillotine and an executioner for 16,000 francs. This would require levying more taxes, so the king tried requesting help from the king of Italy but the cost would only be somewhat lower at 12,000 francs.
The decision was made to simply keep the murderer imprisoned for life. Life imprisonment, however, presented its own set of problems. There needed to be a guard at all times, and man had to be fed. The yearly costs were calculated to be 600 francs which would still necessitate an increase of taxes. It was decided that the guard should be dismissed, even at the risk of losing the prisoner.
The prisoner, however, did not try to escape and continued to eat the food provided by the government. The Minister of Justice decided that the criminal is not worth the trouble and asked him why he did not escape The criminal responded that he had no where to goin monaco and that his reputation was ruined. he was finally given an annual salary by the government to remain in exile just outside the country.
2nd PUC Too Dear 1-Mark Important Questions and Answers
Q.1. Name the commodities taxed in Monaco.
Mention any one of the commodities that was taxed in Monaco.
Ans. Tobacco, wine and spirit/poll tax/gaming house were the commodities taxed in Monaco.
Q.2. Whom does the council refer to as a ‘brother monarch’ in ‘Too Dear?
Ans. The King of Italy.
Q.3. Mention one of the taxes imposed by the king of Monaco.
Àns. Tax on tobacco/wine and spirits/poll tax/gaming house.
Q.4. Name the special source of revenue in the kingdom of Monaco.
Ans. Gaming house.
Q.5. What business does the king of Monaco monopolise in “Too Dear”?
Ans. Gambling business.
Q. 6. How many soldiers were there in the kingdom of Monaco in ‘Too Dear’?
Ans. Sixty soldiers.
Q.7. Why was Monaco called a ‘toy kingdom’?
Ans. It was called a ‘toy kingdom’ because there were only seven thousand inhabitants in the kingdom and if all the land in the kingdom was divided, there would not be an acre for each of them.
Q. 8. What was the source of the king’s special revenue? Who were its beneficiaries?
Ans. The revenue that came from a gaming house where people played roulette was the king’s special revenue. The king, his courtiers and officials were its beneficiaries.
Q.9. Why did the Germans stop gaming houses in their country and how did it benefit Monaco?
Ans. The Germans stopped gaming houses because they did much harm. People would gamble, lose all the money and ultimately kill themselves due to the loss. So the Germans forbade their rules to make money this way. This benefitted Monaco because it got the monopoly of the business. Everyone who wanted to play came to Monaco as it became the only place with free gaming houses. The price gained and the revenue increased.
Q. 10. What was the punishment given to the murderer?
Ans. The murderer was given the death sentence.
Q. 11. The death sentence was converted into life imprisonment because
(a) Monaco had abolished death penalty
(b) Carrying out death sentence was expensive
(c) Monaco wanted to show mercy to the criminal
Ans. (b) Carrying out death sentence was expensive
Q. 12. How much did the king spend annually?
Ans. The king spent 600 francs on the criminal annually.
Q.13. on what condition did the criminal agree to go away from the prison? Why was his demand fulfilled?
Ans. The criminal agreed to go away on the condition that he would be given 600 francs annually as pension till the time he was alive. His demand was fulfilled because the cost of keeping him in the prison year after year was much more than this.
Q. 14. Which two countries did the king of Monaco approach to buy a guillotine and an executioner?
Ans. France and Italy.
Q. 15. Who brought food for the criminal and where did he bring it from in ‘Too Dear’?
Ans. Guard, palace kitchen.
Q. 16. In the lesson ‘Too Dear’ what did the men who lost money in the gambling do in despair?
Ans. They drowned or shot themselves.
Q. 17. Where do the German people go to gamble, in the lesson ‘Too Dear?
Ans. A gaming house in Monaco.
Q. 18. In ‘Too Dear’, when the guard was dismissed, the criminal ?
(a) tried to run away
(b) waiting to see what would happen
(c) did not show any sign of running away
Ans. (c) did not show any sign of running away
Q.19. What was the hitch in carrying out the execution in the lesson ‘Too Dear?
Ans. The guillotine and execution were not available in Monaco.
Q. 20. Mention the amount the French government expected for a machine and an expert for the execution in “Too Dear’.
Ans. 16,000 Francs.
Q. 21. Why did the king need a special source of revenue?
(a) Because the population of the kingdom was too large
(b) Because the taxes levied were not enough
(c) Because the population was small and so the taxes were not enough
Ans. (c) Because the population was small and so the taxes were not enough.
Q. 22. At what price did Italy offer to provide the guillotine machine and the executioner?
(a) 10,000 francs
(b) 20,000 francs
(c) 15,000 francs
(d) 12,000 francs
Ans. (d) 12,000 francs
Q.23. Where does the kingdom of Monaco lie?
Ans. The kingdom of Monaco lies on borders of France and Italy, on the shore of the Mediterranean sea.
Q. 24. How many inhabitants were there in the kingdom of Monaco?
Ans. There were about seven thousand inhabitants.
Q. 25. Which game was played in the gaming houses?
Q. 26. Which was the State or Kingdom which allowed gaming houses?
Q.27. Why had the other countries banned gaming houses?
Ans. The other countries had banned gaming houses because it caused much harm to the citzens who ruined themselves while gaming.
Q. 28. What would people do after losing in gaming houses?
Ans. They would either shoot or drown themselves.
2nd PUC Too Dear 4-Mark Important Questions and Answers
Q.1. Why was the prisoner reluctant to go out of the prison?
Mention the reasons stated by the prisoner in ‘Too Dear’ for not going out of the prison.
Why does the criminal refuse to escape from the prison in ‘Too Dear’?
Ans. In the lesson “Too Dear’ the Prisoner refused to escape from the prison because the judgement given by the king of Monaco had ruined his character as he was termed ‘a murderer’ and the people of Monaco would turn their backs on him. Besides, nobody would employ him and he had to go without work. He felt that he was treated badly and it was not fair to ask him to move out of prison. He said that, first as he was sentenced to death, he must have been executed It did not happen and he had not complained about the same. The judgement was charged and he was sentenced for life and a guard was put to bring him the food, but he too was removed with the changing judgement for the third time. This time, he was asked to go away from the prison which he was not willing to do, as he found his life secured inside the prison.
Q. 2. How did the criminal benefit from the pension, he was offered in the lesson ‘Too Dear’?
Ans. Once, a criminal committed a murder in Monaco. He was sentenced to death. His head was to be cut off. But that punishment seemed to be too expensive and not worth it. So it was changed to life imprisonment. He was sent to prison But after a year, the king realized that it was also expensive to keep him in the prison as they were spending 600 francs on him. Then, he was asked to run away but he refused to do so till they promised him annual lifelong pension of 600 francs. I lis demand was fulfilled. Receiving one-third of his annuity in advance, he emigrated and settled just across the frontier. There, he bought a piece of land and started market gardening and lived comfortably.
Q.3. Why was the murderer finally subjected to life imprisonment in ‘Too Dear’?
Ans. In the little kingdom of Monaco, a man was given death sentence as a punishment for the murder he had committed. The king ordered his men to execute the criminal. But they neither had a guillotine nor a skilled person to cut off his head. The ministers wanted to buy the machine from France or Germany. But they found out that it was very expensive. The king called his army general to find a soldier who would carry out the killing of this man. But the general said soldiers were not trained to execute criminals. The king called for a meeting with his ministers. They finally decided to change the death sentence to imprisonment for life.
Q.4. Why did the authorities in Monaco fail to carry out the death sentence?
Ans. Monaco was a tiny kingdom. The kinglet, though had well co-ordinated legal system but there was absence of means of execution. The king did not have a guillotine machine and an executioner in his kingdom so he tried buying it from France but that would cost 16000 francs. Then, the king approached Italy thinking that he was a brother monarch and therefore, provided it for a lower cost. But Italy also quoted 12000 francs. Both these
amounts were too high and could not have been accepted so the king asked his general to find a soldier in his army who could cut the head roughly. But the soldiers replied that they were not trained to do so. So the king did not succeed in executing the criminal
Q.5. How does the narrator describe the “Toy Kingdom’ in “Too Dear’?
Ans. Monaco is a little kingdom on the coast of Mediterranean sea France and Italy are the neighbouring countries of Monaco. There are only about seven thousand people in the country. There is a king ruling this little kingdom, infact, a real kinglet. He has a palace, courtiers, ministers, a biship, an army and generals. The army has only sixty soldiers. The king has a gaming house and the profit from this gambling house is a source of income for the king There are also takes in this country. The king has his coronation, his levees, councils and courts of justice like any other kingdom but on a smaller scale.
Q. 6. What made the king of Monaco alter his decisions in dealing with the criminal?
Why did the council decide to offer the criminal a pension in ‘Too Dear?
Ans. When a man committed a murder in the kingdom of Monaco, the king and his ministers decided to execute hin They realized that they had to spend a lot of money on his execution. So the king gave him life imprisonment guard and the prison. Even when he was asked to go, the man refused to go away saying that he would not get After a year, they came to know that they had to spend 600 francs a year on the criminal for his food security
a job. He also said that he was treated very badly by the king and his men. Finally, the king decided to offer a pension of 600 francs to him to settle the matter
Q.7. Though gambling is a dirty business, why does the king of Monaco resort to it?
Ans. The king of Monaco levied taxes on tobacco, wine and spirit, apart from a poll tax. But there were such a few people in the country that the tax earned by these sources was not enough for the king to maintain his courtiers and officals and his kingdom. Therefore, he had to resort to the tax cbtained from gaming houses.
Q.8 Why did the king of Monaco keep changing his mind in dealing with the criminal?
Ans. The prisoner was given a death sentence by the judges. The king accepted the judgement but because there was no guillotine and trained soldies to kill the man. He tried getting the machine and trained people from neighbouring countries but it was too expensive so the king changed his death sentence to life imprisonment But the cost of keeping the prisonerin jail was also too high so the king set the prisoner free. The prisoner refused to go so to make him agree an annual lifelong pension of 600 francs was promised to him.
Q.9. How did the prisoner lead his life after his release?
Ans. The prisoner received one-third of his annuity in advance. He emigrated and settled just across the frontier He bought a piece of land and started market-gardening and lived comfortably. Regularly, he went to draw his pension enjoyed gaming and lived peacefully and happily.
Q. 10. What did the king do to get rid of the prisoner and how did the man lead his life after his release in the lesson Too Dear’?
Ans. The prisoner in Monaco was not ready to run away even when the king and the ministers asked him to go out of the prison. He told them that they had ruined his character and he did not know how to earn his living. Then, the king and the ministers decided to give him a pension of 600 francs. I le got one-third of his pension in advance
and left the kingdom. He crossed the border of his country and settled just across the frontier. He bought a piece of land and started market-gardening. He used to go to draw his pension at the stipulated time. Occasionally, he would play at the gaming house and return home. The pension was enough to ensure a comfortable life for him.
Q. 11. Why did the king of Monaco have to allow gaming houses in his kingdom?
Ans. The population of Monaco was very small. There were only seven thousand inhabitants. Although there were taxes on other products like wine, tobacco and spirit and a poil tax too and people indulged in these activities and paid their taxes too but they were so insufficient that the taxes earned from them were not enough for the prince
would have found it difficult to feed his officials and courtiers and himself too. Therefore, he had to find an extra source of revenue. That extra source was the gaming houses.
Q. 12. How did the king of Monaco get a monopoly in gaming houses?
Ans. Gaming houses were banned in all the other countries of Europe. Some German Sovereigns used to keep these houses but a few years ago they also stopped The reason was that they caused much too harm. A man would risk all his money and also that which did not belong to him and lose and, then, would drown or shoot himself. So the Germans forbade their rulers to make money in this manner. Therefore, the kingdom of Monaco became the only kingdom to have gaming houses.
Q. 13. How did the king benefit from gaming houses?
Ans. In gaming houses people played roulette. Whether they won or lost the keeper always got a percentage on the turnover and out of his profits, he paid a large sum to the prince. Since gaming houses were banned in all countries in Europe except Monaco, people even from neighbouring countries came to play there and the king earned good amount of revenue from them.
Q.14. How was the criminal tried for his crime?
Ans. The criminal was tried in the most appropriate manner. The judges assembled with much ceremony and tried the case in a judicial manner. There were judges and prosecutors and jurymen and barristers. They argued and judged and finally reached the decision to have the criminal’s head cut off as the law directed. They submitted the judgemerft to the prince who duly confirmed it.
Q. 15. What was the new item of expenditure being faced by the king of Monaco? What was the king’s apprehension?
Ans. The king had ordered the murderer to imprisonment for life as the punishment. But the ministers faced a new problem. To find a suitable place to keep the criminal sentenced for life was a tough task. Somehow they found a small place and put the young fellow there and placed a guard over him. The duties of guard were to watch the criminal, and also to fetch food from the palace kitchen. After a year, the king examined the expenditure and
realized that he had spent 600 francs for keeping the criminal in a prison. The king felt that the criminal was young and may live for another 50 years and at this rate,
the yearly expenses would keep mounting up. So, the king was apprehensive about the cost of keeping the criminal imprisoned for life.
Q. 16. How did Leo Tolstoy ironically describe the inability of our present judicial system, while taking the right decisions against criminals?
Ans. The writer Leo Tolstoy very skillfully draws our attention towards the loopholes (demerits) of our present judicial system. In the story “Too Dear’ the king and his commission kept on changing the punishment against a criminal At the beginning of the story, the commission announced the death sentence and decided to execute the criminal
But they were not able to carry out the execution. So the death sentence was changed to imprisonment for life. Even the life imprisonment had to be changed as they were unable to cope up with the expenditure. Finally, they decided to release the criminal on the condition that he would be given a pension. The king of Monaco couldn’t respect the verdict and changed it so many times, thereby, making a mockery of the judicial system.
Q. 17. How did the king of Monaco rule his country and where did he get his revenue from?
Ans. The kingdom of Monaco was near the borders of France and Italy. It was a small nation with a king, palace, courtiers, ministers and an army. Though the king had introduced taxes like tax on tobacco and wine and a poll tax, he could not raise much money to run the government. He depended on the revenue from a gaming house
where people played the game of roulette. This was a profitable way as the people lost a lot of money in such gambling. Though it was wrong for a king to encourage gambling, the king of Monaco carried on with this as he needed money. Many people from the neighbouring countries came to this gambling house as their countries prohibited such gaming houses in their countries. Thus, the king of Monaco ruled the country with all the
ceremony of a real king.
Q. 18. What was the hitch in the life imprisonment? How was it arranged?
Ans. The hitch in the life imprisonment was that there was no suitable prison for a man sentenced for life. There was only a small lock up where people were sometimes kept for small crimes but no strong prison. However, they managed to find a cell. They put the criminal there, placed a guard over him. The guard had to watch the criminal and had to fetch food for him.
Q. 19. What extra expense did the king find in his expenditure? How much was it?
Ans. After a year when the king was looking over his expenditures, he found a new expense which was the keeping of the prisoner. The guard and the man’s food came to more than 600 francs a year. The fellow was still young and healthy so it would continue for years.
Q. 20. What solution did the king and his ministers think for getting rid of the prisoner? Were they successful?
Ans. The king and the ministers decided to dismiss the guard. They thought that if they dismissed the guard the prisoner would run away. No, they were not successful because the prisoner did not run away. He went to the palace kitchen and got his
food for himself. He returned to his prison, shut the door and stayed inside. The same thing happened next day too. Though the guard was taken off, the prisoner refused to go.
Q.21. Why did the king offer the criminal an annual pension?
Ans. The king had to offer the criminal an annual pension because he refused to leave the prison and run away. The king was spending a huge amount, more than 600 francs, on the maintenance of the criminal. They had to feed him as well as keep a guard to watch over him. To cut that expense, they withdrew the guard and asked the criminal to run away but he refused. He agreed to run away only when they offered him the annual pension of
600 francs till the time he was alive.
2nd PUC Too Dear 6-Mark Important Questions and Answers
Q.1. You can’t earn stone palaces by honest labour. In what context is the statement made?
Ans. The statement put simply means that one cannot enjoy a royal life or a life of luxury by working hard and through only honest means. One can sustain himself and live simply through honest means but to enjoy a lavish lifestyle, one has to resort to means which are not ethical or honest, In the context of the kingdom of Monaco, the king levied taxes on wine and tobacco and people also paid those taxes. But those taxes were not enough to maintain king’s officials and courtiers and his lifestyle so the king found a special source of revenue which was gaming houses where people would play roulette. A part of the
income of the gaming houses would come to the king’s treasury as taxes. This was a substantially big amount because Monaco was the only kingdom which allowed gaming houses.resorted to it and earned his taxes through then as he had to maintain his royal lifestyle.while gambling and then, kill themselves. But as the narrator says though it was a dirty business, the king Turn faves through gaming houses was not ethical and caused much harm. people would often run themselves Thus stone palace or a royal life cannot be earned through honest means. One has to resort to unethical
Q2 Though the trial and imprisonment of the criminal is depicted in a comic mode in this story, it does give rise sentence is that justified?
Ans. Although depicted in a comical mode, the story raises serious questions. The biggest question that the story raises Another point that the narrator tries to raise in minds of the reader is that whether justice should focus on the is that of death sentence or capital Is violence the only way to punish the criminal There can be other ways to deal with siminals. As seen in the story, the criminal was not aggressive or violent but due to some reason he committed a crime like murder. Such criminals who are not violent can be reformed and
the focus should be on their reformation so that after they serve their penalty period, they can be accepted back practices to get them serious questions. into the society, a very valid question which was raised by the narrator through the criminal towards the end
And finally the amount of resources that a country ases to punish its criminals. In the story the narrator hasing very justified ww.conveved the idea that the states use huge amounts of resources to punish their criminals. If crime can be reduced and people or criminals are treated in a positive manner that huge amount can be used to serve the people
Thus, though in a comical way, the narrator in the story raises very serious and relevant issues.
Q.3. Were there other ways of dealing with crime and criminals? Discuss in the light of the story.
Ans. In the story we criminal was given a death sentence as he had committed a murder. We do not know the reason behind his crime. It could have been an act of self-defence or an unintentional accident. In that case, there could have been definitely other ways to deal with the crime. For an act of self-defence or an accident, capital punishment is too harsh Even i’ the act was committed deliberately, answering violence with violence o aggression with aggression does not solve any problem Yes, there could have been other ways to punish the criminal. He could have been involved in the state’s works which involved hard physical work. This way, he would have his punishment too but he would also be involved
in a productive activity. He could have been sent to exile. He could also have been kept in prison but at the same time involved in some activity or job which he could perform from there. That way he would have been reformed and the cost that the state had to incur on him woud have been balanced The focus, we believe, should always be or the reformation of the criminal rather than on punishment.
Q. 4. ‘Too Dear is filled with irony and satire on the political structure of the country. Discuss.
Ans. “Too Dear’ is a shurstory by Leo Tolstoy which is a satire on the political structure of the country and the decisions which are taken by the rulers Monaco is a smal kingdom with hardly seven thousand inhabitants The writer describes it as a ‘toy kingdom’ But it had a king and ministers and his army. The problem in the kingdom started when a murder was committed. The prisoner was tried in the court of law and was given death
sentence. His head was to be cut off. But the state had neither guillotine nor the executioner. So they thought of buying it from France and Italy, their neighbouring countries. France asked for 16000 francs while Italy quoted 12000 francs. The king decided that it was too expensive and not worth it so the punishment was changed to
life imprisonment but after a year the king realized that they were spending 600 francs on the prisoner. Again they found it too expensive and the prisoner was asked to run away. But he didn’t till they promised him annual lifelong pension of 600 francs.
The writer in the story presents a satire on the ridiculous decisions taken by the state for its criminals. The decisions of the king and the advice given by the ministers, both were worth a laugh. Moreover, the maintenance of criminals in prisons and the ancunt spent by the state on then is also mocked at. Important questions like the punishment to be given the reformation of criminals and the amount spent on them, have been raised in a
satirical and comical manner in the story. It was ironical that the king was trying to cut down his expenses on the criminal but could get rid of the criminal only after promising a life-long annual pension of 600 francs. The criminal who was supposed to be punished by
the state now enjoyed his life on state’s money. He gambled in gaming houses and spent a happy life thereafter.
Q.5. Discuss the significance of the title of the story ‘Too Dear’.
Ans. In Tolstoy’s story, ‘Too Dear’ we come across the dilemma of the King of Monaco, who punished a criminal for the murder he committed. The title of the story ‘Too Dear’, conveys the fact that executing a criminal is more expensive than life imprisonment in the Kingdom of Monaco In the tiny Kingdom of Monaco, a man committed a murder and as punishment, his head was to be cut off. But they could not carry out the execution as they did not have a guillotine and an executioner. Buying the device from the neighbouring Kingdom would be an expensive proposition. When the army General was asked if any soldier cold cut the criminal’s head off, he said they were not taught to kill a criminal. A meeting of the ministers and lawyers decided to give the criminal life imprisonment. In the prison, a security guard was to be employed. The King found out that they were spending 600 Francs on the criminal per year. Even when the guard was removed, the man did not escape. When the Minister asked him why he did not run away, the criminal said
that he was not ready to go as he would not get a job outside. He felt that they had ruined his character. Finally, the King decided across the border and fixed an annual pension of 600 francs for him. The criminal collected his pension every month and lived happily. Though the trial and imprisonment of the criminal is depicted in a comical manner, it becomes clear that people in power have to lose a lot of money if they are not efficient to
handle the problems of the people in the right manner.
Q. 6. “Too Dear’ is a mockery of the judicial system. Substantiate.
Ans. Monaco was a tiny little kingdom on the shore of the Mediterranean sea, though there were only seven thousand inhabitants, there was a real king and even an army.
The people of this country were peaceful but surprisingly, a murder was committed. After much discussion, it was decided to execute the criminal. This was even approved by the prince. But, the kingdom did not have a guillotine or an executioner to carry out the orders. The neighbouring countries of France and Italy were approached. It proved to be a costly affair. Even the soldiers felt they were not trained to do that. The King and the ministers decided to alter the death sentence to one of imprisonment for life. They managed to find a suitable place for a prison and appointed a guard to watch him. A year passed thus, and the prisoner was comfortable in the prison. Expenses incurred proved to be costly. It was decided to remove the guard so that the prisoner would run away. But this too failed as he would bring his food from the royal kitchen and lock himself in the cell. On enquiry, the ministers came to know from him that he was not ready to leave as he would not be respected in the society. He had also become very lazy and was accustomed to an easy way of living. The kinglet, finally, decided to give him a pension of 600 Francs every year and asked him to go away. He agreed to it and emigrated to a place that was just outside the king’s dominion. He did market gardening, went to the kingdom to draw his pension at the right time, gambled with the money and lived comfortably. Though the criminal is caught and the crime established, he is not punished. The judicial system and the king are
more worried about the expenses than justice. Hence, it is mockery of the judicial system.
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